Auckland Museum - Collections Online

Predicate Object 01 Nov 1974 1974-11-01T00:00:00.000Z 1974-11-01T00:00:00.000Z 1974.154 gift of Mr A G W and Mrs Margaret M Dunningham, Point Wells, 1974, collection of Auckland War Memorial Museum, 1974.154, 46664 1997-11-03T00:00:00.000Z 1 2021-03-04T07:45:02.823Z 45 Kavya (bard) cloth, block printed in many colours, 4 x 18 feet. Used by itinerant village story-tellers to present the legends of the Rathor pastoral gero Pabu of Kolu, Marwar, Rajasthan, who is venerated and deified as a protector of cows. Pabu's parents were Dhadala and a nymph; after his birth he and his mother turned into tigers. The nymph disappeared and Pabu returned to human shape. Buro, Pabu's elder brother, inherited their father's realms, and Pabu, with a camel, eked out his existence in the desert. Seven thoris (pillagers) joined him in a series of exploits of revenge on his camel; he eventually acquired a black mare called Kesara Kali. Pabu married a high-born girl; returning from the ceremony, he rescued a herd of cows stolen from a charini (princess) by Jinda Rava. While Pabu was watering the cows, Jinda Ravu attacked Pabu and killed him. The noble hero Pabuji Rathore lived and died, 25 years old, in the 14th century. The beautiful Deval Devi rode on a splendid black mare while tending her cattle in the desert of Marwar. Deval was considered an incarnation of Shakti (the Great Goddess). Jind Raj, a baron of Jayal, saw and coveted the splendid black mare Kesar Kalimi, but Deval would part from her only at the price of his head. Deval, fearing for her safety after this incident, moved to the land of the chief of Kohlugarh who treated her like his own dauther. Deval gave her black mare to Pabuji, his son, for they esteemed each other greatly, and he promised to protect her and her cattle at the cost of his life. But a beautiful princess fell in love with Pabuji on his beautiful mare, and wanted Pabuji to marry her. He told her, that he had pledged his life to see to Deval's safety and that of her cattle. Jind Raj in the meanwhile took away Deval's cattle. In the form of a bird, Deval informed Pabuji, and he left his bride during the wedding rites, to keep his word. With seven men he rode on Kalimi, the black mare, against Jind Raj and his thousand soldiers and rescued the cattle. But he was mortally wounded and died, together with the black mare. His bride immolated herself as Sati and joined Pabuji in heaven. Bards travel from place to place, set up the painting in the open, and, singing and dancing, narrate the story during one full night. The main figures in the painting are Pabuji with his four ministers and the black mare. Parallel episodes from deeds of the gods are incorporated in the painting. The painting (phard), whose entire length is 30 feet, is set up in the open. In from of it a bard (Bhopa) recites, dances and mimes the story. bard cloth, gouache on cloth, block printed in many colours, Pabuji-ki Phard, 'the main figures in the painting are Pabuji with his four ministers and the black mare. parallel episodes from deeds of the gods are incorporated in the painting' from 'Unknown India; ritual art in tribe and village', cloth would have been used by a story teller who would set it up in the open and recite, dance and mime the story cloth
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