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Predicate Object 08 May 2016 2016-05-08T00:00:00.000Z 2016-05-08T00:00:00.000Z 2016.26.1 Collection of Auckland Museum Tamaki Paenga Hira, 2016.26.1 Gift of the Marshall family 2016-06-09T00:00:00.000Z 1 2019-10-25T03:42:12.054Z 10B 65 The Military Medal, WW1 Awarded to 7/1866 Corporal George Leonard Marshall, Canterbury Infantry Regiment, 1NZEF The Military Medal (MM) was instituted in 1916 during the First World War. It was awarded to non-commissioned officers and other ranks of the Army for acts of bravery for which the award of the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM) was not considered appropriate. A 1963 letter included in Corporal Marshall's Army Personnel File, signed by the Army Secretary, notes that as individual citations do not accompany these decorations, it isn't possible to "identify the particular act or acts of gallantry for which ... [he] received this distinction. On 30 September 1918 his battalion was hotly engaged with the enemy near Crevecours (sic) at the crossing of the Scheldt Canal and it is presumed he distinguished himself in this action." However, the relevant entry in Honours and Awards to the New Zealand Expeditionary Force in the Great War 1914-1918 by Wayne McDonald suggests the award was made in recognition of Marshall's earlier actions in the field near Bapaume on 6-7 September 1918. George Leonard Marshall enlisted in August 1915 as a trooper with the Canterbury Mounted Rifles, Eighth Reinforcements. In Egypt by the end of the year, Marshall served in the Sinai before contracting scarlet fever in March 1916. Shortly after, he transferred to the NZ Field Artillery as a gunner. In 1917-8 he transferred again, this time to the First Canterbury Infantry Regiment to join his younger brother Hector. Both brothers were wounded at Messines on 7 June 1917. Though wounded himself, George Marshall carried his brother one mile across the battle field to safety. Hector was subsequently invalided back to New Zealand while George recuperated in England, rejoining his regiment in November of that year. During WW2 Marshall joined the Home Guard where he trained machine gunners. Military Medal, WW1 Medal awarded to 7/1866 Corporal George Leonard Marshall, Canterbury Infantry Regiment, 1NZEF, WW1 circular silver medal and ribbon obverse: left-facing side profile of King George V; border, "GEORGIVS V BRITT: OMN: REX ET IND: IMP:" reverse: "FOR / BRAVERY / IN THE / FIELD", surrounded by a laurel wreath, surmounted by the Royal Cypher and Imperial Crown. suspension: bar held by ornate, scroll-type arms ribbon: dark blue, with five equal centre stripes of white, red, white, red, and white dimensions: 36mm diameter inscribed on edge: 7/1866 CPL. G. L. MARSHALL. 1/CANTERBURY R. medal, decoration
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